About us / The Institute / Donate/Sponsor


Over 10,000 free copies of the First Online Edition (Sixth edition) of Teaching Physical Education were downloaded within the first 3 years of the first website. Your support helps to keep this book available. Donations allow the Spectrum Institute to continue offering materials to colleagues and students around the world who are committed to the study, research, and improvement of pedagogy. These materials are provided freely or at minimal costs. Give what you can, we appreciate your support.

The Spectrum Institute is part of the Lankler Family Foundation, established under Title 501(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Service code of the United States for nonprofit corporations. Donations, bequests and gifts are tax-deductible under the US tax code. Many international tax authorities allow deductibility of donations from their own nationals, under reciprocal agreements with the US.

You may make a donation by postal mail or by using your credit card. We use PayPal to securely process the credit card, and to ensure the confidentiality of the transaction. The Spectrum Institute never receives or gives any information about your credit card.

To make a credit card donation please click the "Donate Via Paypal" button. You will then be taken to the secure PayPal site. Enter the amount, and then select PayPal's "Click Here" or "Continue" button (if you do not have a PayPal account) and you will be guided through the PayPal process.

You may also send letters and checks by postal mail to:

The Spectrum Institute for Teaching and Learning
88 West Riverside Drive
Tequesta, Florida 33469 USA
Phone: 561 745-0777
(Checks should be made payable to "Spectrum Institute")

If you are in a position to make a bequest, please CLICK HERE to e-mail the institute for more information.

How do we use our funds?

There are no paid positions at the Spectrum Institute. All donations support the operating costs for the preparation of materials, web redevelopment and management, and communication networking.

Sign Up for the newsletter

Privacy Policy: your info is not shared with third parties.


  • In conjunction with the 2016 AIESEP Conference, we will be celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Visit the official invitation's page.

    Additional content, new graphics and video clips have been added. The new site offers an expanded understanding with more visual examples of the Spectrum theory.

  • You are invited to participate in the AIESEP International Conference June 9-12, 2016 hosted by the University of Wyoming in Laramie, WY-USA.

    Mosston's original teaching theory continues to be recognized as a universal foundation and unifying pedagogical theory about alternative teaching approaches.

  • Dr. Sara Ashworth was one of three invited keynote speakers to share ideas about leadership. She approached the topic of leadership from the perspective of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles.

    The new, current logo expands our understanding of the Spectrum and highlights the interconnection and overlapping of each discrete style and emphasizes the evolution of one discrete teaching style to the next.

  • Dr. Frederik Göbbels, professor from Fontys Sporthogeschool Locatie Sittard/Tilburg, was first introduced to the Spectrum at the International Spectrum Workshop in Halkidiki, Greece in 2007 organized by Dr. Digelidis. As he stated, "after the conference my enthusiasm about the Spectrum grew."

    During this visit I witnessed one of our favorite statements about the Spectrum: The Spectrum transcends cultural boundaries. Some of the universities and schools visited were: National Taiwan University, Taipei Physical Education College, National Taipei University of Education, National Taiwan Sport University,...

  • Dr. Tom Cuddihy (Chair of the School Learning and Teaching Committee, School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology) chaired the 26th ACHPER International Conference in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The conference was attended by approximately 500 very active and involved participants.

    AIESEP - Association Internationale des Ecoles Superieures d'Education Physique International (Association for Physical Education in Higher Education) held their pre-conference board meeting in Jupiter, Florida on the properties of Dr. Sara Ashworth and her husband Sandy Lankler.

  • 2009 was a very busy year for international collaboration. Although the number of colleagues this year was small, the duration of the visits were lengthy and the study sessions were intense.

    The Spectrum website advanced the opportunities for the Institute to serve as a clearinghouse for information and research about various teaching and learning styles.

  • Dr. Nikolaos Diglidis (University of Thessaly) organized the First International Spectrum Workshop in conjunction with the 12th European Congress of Sport Psychology (FEPSAC) in Halkidiki, Greece. The workshop focus was A REUNION AND A REVIST of the Spectrum theory.

    Sara was invited as the keynote speaker at the University of West Florida, Physical Education Summer Institute to address the theme "Teaching Styles in Physical Education." In addition to the keynote, Dr. Ashworth conducted two 3-hour activity sessions presenting selected Spectrum teaching styles.

  • Thirteen people attended a conference sponsored by SporTime at the Spectrum Institute in Buckeystown, Maryland. The goal of the conference was to offer alternative teaching support to the newly elected NASPE Teachers of the Year (TOYs) as they prepared their workshop lessons.

    The first project organized by the newly created Spectrum Institute was a three-day conference for North American physical educators. Twenty-two veteran and new generation Spectrum colleagues from across the U.S. and Canada participated in this conference at the Institute's new center in Buckeystown, Maryland.