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Type File Name Publication Type
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Abd Al-Salam, A. (2004). The effects of three styles of teaching on the performance level and practice trials of long serves and short serves in badminton. Dirasat: Educational Sciences. 31(1), 88-104. (Jordan).

Journal Paper

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Al Naddaf, A. & Al-Kuraymeen, R. (2007). The effect of using three types of feedback on learning the overhead service in volleyball by using the inclusion style. Abhat Al-Yarmouk. 23(4), 1467-1490. (Jordan).

Journal Paper

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Alhayek, S.K. (2004). The effects of using two basketball teaching styles on physical education students' skill performance and attitudes. Dirasat: Educational Sciences. 31(1), 217-229. (Jordan).

Journal Paper

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Alhayek, S.K. (2008). The effect of teaching physical education styles on the achievement of students' life skills. Presentation at Teaching Games for Understanding International Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. (Jordan).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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AlMulla-Abdullah, F. (2003). The effectiveness of the reciprocal teaching style on the level of shooting skills acquisition in team handball. Journal of Educational Psychological Science. 3(4), 10-37. (Jordan).

Journal Paper

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Anagnostou G., Tsolakidis S., Digelidis D., & Patsiaouras A. (2011). The contribution of physical education to the construction of pupils' literate subjectivities. Sport & Science. 1, 145-153. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Anagnostou, G., & Tsolakidis, S. (2010). School discourse and physical education: A contribution to the study of how the verbal aspects of teaching styles affect the construction of literate subjectivities. In N. Tsagaridou et al. (Eds.),. Proceedings of the 11th Pancyprian Conference of the Cyprus Pedagogical Association-Managing educational change: Research, policy, practice. (492-502). Cyprus. (Cyprus).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Anderson, R.C. (1975). Student questionnaire response. Center-On-Teaching Report. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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constructive response,constructive criticism, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1983a). A comparison of feedback behavior of teachers trained in Mosston's Spectrum and teachers not trained in the Spectrum. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

constructive response,constructive criticism, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1983b). A comparison of feedback behavior of teachers trained in Mosston's Spectrum and teachers not trained in the Spectrum, Survey and Tally of Final Results. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

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Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1988). Effects of Spectrum teaching styles on teacher education students. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

constructive response,constructive criticism, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1989a). Problems of teaching and teacher training. The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A first year study. In L. Telama (Ed.),. Physical Education and Life-Long Physical Activity. Proceedings of the Jyvaskyla Sport Congress: Movement and Sport, AIESEP World Convention, Jyvaskyla, Finland, (pp 248-259). (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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constructive response,constructive criticism, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1989b). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A second year study. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University (IRDTE Grant). (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Ashworth, S. (1990). Episodic teaching: A Spectrum of teaching behaviors. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP International Seminar, Wingate Institute, Natanya, Israel. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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critical thinking,thinking critically,thinking skills,critical thought, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1991a). Are critical thinking techniques internalized by students in teacher training programs?. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1991b). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles and teacher education. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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constructive response,constructive criticism, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1991c). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A third year study. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University.

Report/Unpublished Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Ashworth, S. (1992). The Spectrum and teacher education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 32-35, 53. (United States)

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Ashworth, S. (1994). Muska Mosston: One who made a difference. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. October 1994, (United States)

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Ashworth, S. (1995). One who made a difference: Muska Mosston. Journal of the International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. Winter, (United States).

Journal Paper

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Ashworth, S. (1998a). Defining and implementing a teaching style. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP World Sport Science Congress on Education for Life, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Ashworth, S. (1998b). The good, the bad, and the ugly of physical education. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP World Sport Science Congress on Education for Life, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Ashworth, S. (2008). Descriptions of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum inventory.. (United States)

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Ashworth, S. (2010, 2004). Description inventory of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum approach. (To view an instrument design of this inventory that collects data on teachers’ beliefs about teaching styles …see SueSee. B.,2006). (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Ashworth, S., & Dolan, M. (2006). Relating teaching behaviors to cognition. Paper and powerpoint presented at the AIESEP World Congress. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Ashworth, S., Dolan, M., Kirsch, G., & Vitale, M. (2004). Evaluating a teacher education program through performance task assessments. Paper presented at the AACTE, Chicago, IL. (United States)

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Banville, D., Amade-Escot, C., Richard J., MacDonald, D. & Sarmento, P. (2001). An international symposium on teaching styles. (United States, France, Canada, Australia, Portugal).

Journal Paper

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Beckett, K.D. (1989). The effects of two teaching styles on college students' achievement of selected physical education outcomes. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Pittsburgh, PA. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Beckett, K.D. (1991). The effects of two teaching styles on college students' achievement of selected physical education outcomes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 10 (2), 153-169. Abstract. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Boschee, F.A. (1972). A comparison of the effects of command, task, and individual program styles of teaching on four developmental channels. Dissertation Abstracts International. 33, 2066A.

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, socialization, social, socializing, societal learning, societal teaching, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Bournelli, P. (1998). The effects of a physical education intervention program on elementary school children’s creativity. Kinesiology. 3 (1,2), 67-82. (Greece).

Journal Paper

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, divergent discovery style h,style h,divergent discovery style,divergent discovery,style-h,landmark style h,landmark style,landmark styles, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Boyce, B.A. (1992). The effects of three styles of teaching on university student’s motor performance. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 11 (4), 389-401. (United States).

Journal Paper

practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Bryant, W. (1974). Comparison of the practice and reciprocal styles of teaching. Unpublished manuscript. Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, curriculum, nationally implemented curriculum, national lesson plan, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M. (1999a). Meeting national standards through the Spectrum: Beginning teacher standards. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance , Boston, MA. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Byra, M. (1999b). Teaching the Spectrum to physical education teacher education students at the University of Wyoming. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Boston, MA. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Byra, M. (2000a). A coherent PETE program: Spectrum style. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 71(9), 40-43, 56. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M. (2000b). A review of Spectrum research: The contributions of two eras. Quest. 52, 229-245. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M. (2002). A review of Spectrum research. In M. Mosston & S. Ashworth,. Teaching physical education. (5th ed.), (pp. 319-335). San Francisco, CA: Benjamin Cummings. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Byra, M. (2004). Applying a task progression to the reciprocal style of teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 75(2), 42-46. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M. (2006a). Teaching styles and inclusive pedagogies. Handbook of research in physical education. 449-466. London, UK: Sage Publications. (United Kingdom).

Book/Book Chapter

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Byra, M. (2006b). The reciprocal style of teaching: A positive motivational climate. Paper presented at the AIESEP World Congress, The Role of Physical Education and Sport in Promoting Physical Activity and Health, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (1998). The thoughts and behaviors of learners in the inclusion style of teaching. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 18, 26-42. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (1999). Spectrum research: A historical overview. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance , Boston, MA. (United States)

Conference/Congress Presentation

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inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (2000). Matching instructional tasks with learner ability: Inclusion style of teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 71(3), 26-30. (United States).

Journal Paper

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affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, constructive response,constructive criticism, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Byra, M., & Marks, M.C. (1993). The effect of two pairing techniques on specific feedback and comfort levels of learners in the reciprocal style of teaching. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 12, 286-300. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cai, S.X. (1995). Effect of three teaching styles on college student mood states, enjoyment of physical activity, and attitude toward teaching. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Arkansas, Arkansas. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Cai, S.X. (1997). College student attitude toward three teaching styles in physical education classes. College Student Journal. 31, 251-260. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Chamberlain, J. (1979). The effects of Mosston’s practice style and individual program teacher design on motor skill acquisition and self-concept of fifth grade learners. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, motivate, motivational teaching, motivational learning, motivational, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Chatoupis, C. (2000). The effects of two teaching styles on physical fitness and perceived athletic competence of fifth grade students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation - University of Manchester. (United Kingdom).

Thesis/Dissertation

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Chatoupis, C. (2003). The effects of two teaching styles on perceived athletic competence of fifth graders.. Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the Greek Sport Science Association, Crete, Greece. (Greece).

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, motivate, motivational teaching, motivational learning, motivational, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Chatoupis, C. (2005). Effects of practice and inclusion styles on perceived athletic competence of Greek primary school children. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism. 12(1), 47-57. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatoupis, C. (2008). The effects of two teaching styles on physical fitness of fifth graders. Paper presented at the 11th annual Pan-Hellenic physical education teachers congress, Athens, Greece. (Greece).

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Chatoupis, C. (2009). Contributions of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles to research on teaching. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism. 16(2), 193-205. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatoupis, C. (2010). An analysis of Spectrum research on teaching. The Physical Educator. 67(4), 188-197. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatoupis, C. (2010). Spectrum research reconsidered. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences. 22(1), 80-96. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatoupis, C. (2013). Young children’s divergent movement ability: A study revisited. Early Child Development and Care, 183(1), 92-108.

Journal Paper

inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Chatoupis, C., & Emmanuel, C. (2003a). Teaching physical education with the inclusion style: The case of a Greek elementary school. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 74(8), 33-38. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatoupis, C., & Emmanuel, C. (2003b). The effects of two disparate instructional approaches on student self-perceptions in elementary physical education. European Journal of Sport Science. 3(1), 1-16. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Chatzopoulos, D., Kofterou, A., & Georgiou, M. (2003). Multifaceted exercise of balance and pedagogic framework of its application in primary education. Inquiries in Sports & Physical Education. 1(2), 176-182. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Cheffers, J. (1994). A life to be celebrated: The lively days of Muska Mosston.. International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education. 45(2), 2. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cho, M., Hwang, H., You, J., Kim, Y., & Choi, H. (2004). Teaching physical education. (5th ed.), (M. Cho, H. Hwang, J. You, Y. Kim, & H. Choi, Trans.). Seoul, Korea: Daehan Media Co., Ltd. (Korea).

Book/Book Chapter

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, motivate, motivational teaching, motivational learning, motivational, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Christodoulidis, T., Papaioannou, A., & Digelidis, N. (2001). Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention. European Journal of Sport Science. 1(4), 228-241. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cleland, F.E. (1994). Young children's divergent movement ability: Study II. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 13, 228-241. (United States).

Journal Paper

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, critical thinking,thinking critically,thinking skills,critical thought, divergent discovery style h,style h,divergent discovery style,divergent discovery,style-h,landmark style h,landmark style,landmark styles, divergent movement,divergent, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Cleland, F.E., & Gallahue, D.L. (1993). Young children's divergent movement ability. Perceptual and Motor skills. 77, 535-544. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cleland, F.E., & Pearse, C. (1995). Critical thinking in elementary physical education: Reflections on a yearlong study. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 66(6), 31-38. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cleland. F.E., Donnelly, F., Helion, J., & Fry, F. (1999). Modifying teacher behaviors to promote critical thinking in K-12 physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 18, 199-215. (United States).

Journal Paper

Colella D. (2011). Motor competences and teaching styles in physical education. CQIA, October, pp. 85-93. ISSN: 2039-4039. (Italy).

Book/Book Chapter

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Colella D., Ercolino L., Morano M. (2012). Teaching Styles, motor performances and physical self-efficacy in primary school, Together for Physical Education – Scientific Communication of the 7h European FIEP Congress, [Barcelona 7-9 June 2012], p. 378- 382. ISBN: 978-84-9729-314-3. (Italy).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Cothran, D. J., & Kulinna, P.H. (2008). Teachers' knowledge about and use of teaching models. The Physical Educator. Fall 2008, 122-129. (United States).

Journal Paper

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production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., & Ward, E. (1999). Students’ experiences with and perceptions of Mosston’s teaching styles [abstract]. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 68, (Supplement) A-84. (United States).

Journal Paper

production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., & Ward, E. (2000). Students' experiences with and perceptions of teaching styles. Journal of Research and Development in Education. 33(5), 93-102. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., Banville, D., Choi, E., Amade-Escot, C., MacPhail, A., MacDonald, D., Richard, J.F., Sarmento, P.A. & Kirk, D. (2005). Cross-cultural investigation of the use of teaching styles. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 76(2), 193-201. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Cox, R.L. (1986). A systematic approach to teaching sport. In M. Pieron & G. Graham (Eds.). Sport pedagogy. (109-116). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

Crum, B. (1995). Muska’s claim reconsidered – The Spectrum or A Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Presented at the Muska Mosston Symposium. Wingate Institute, Israel. (Holland).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles

Curtner-Smith, M.D. (2001). Instrument for identifying teaching styles (IFITS). (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Curtner-Smith, M.D., Hasty, D.L., & Kerr, I.G. (1998). Influence of national curriculum physical education on teachers’ use of productive and reproductive teaching styles. (UK).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Curtner-Smith, M.D., Hasty, D.L., & Kerr, I.G. (2001). Teachers' use of productive and reproductive teaching styles prior to and following the introduction of National Curriculum Physical Education. Educational Research. 43(3), 333-340. (UK).

Journal Paper

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Curtner-Smith, M.D., Todorovich, J.R., McCaughtry, N.A., & Lacon, S.A. (2001). Urban teachers' use of productive and reproductive teaching styles within the confines of the National Curriculum for Physical Education. European Physical Education Review. 7(2), 177-190. (United States).

Journal Paper

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affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, self-perception, self perception, perception, self esteem, self-esteem, self awareness, socially conscious, self conscious, self-conscious, self consciousness, self-consciousness, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Darom, R. (2004). Connecting aspects of the Spectrum and of self-efficacy. Dissertation. (Israel).

Thesis/Dissertation

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, style f,guided discovery style,guided discovery,style-f,landmark style f,landmark style,landmark styles,led discovery, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Derri, V., & Pachta, M. (2007). Motor skills and concepts acquisition and retention: A comparison between two styles of teaching. International Journal of Sport Science. 3(3), 37-47. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Digelidis, N. (2006). Extending the Spectrum: An in depth analysis of the teaching styles taxonomy. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education. 4(2), 131-147. (Greece). [View PDF]

Journal Paper

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affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, motivate, motivational teaching, motivational learning, motivational, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Digelidis, N., Papaioannou, A., Laparidis, K., & Christodoulidis, T. (2003). A one-year intervention in 7th grade physical education classes aiming to change motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 4, 195–210. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Dobry, L. (2007). Modifying teacher behaviors - the key prerequisite of the success of our school reform. Telesná výchova a sport mládeze. 73(3), 8-15. (Czech Republic).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Doherty, J. (2010). Teaching styles in physical education and Mosston's spectrum. KAHPERD Journal. 48(1), 4-6. (United Kingdom).

Journal Paper

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Dougherty, M. (1970). A comparison of the effects of command, task, and individual program styles of teaching in the development of physical fitness and motor skills. Dissertation Abstracts International. 31, 5821A-5822A. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Eldar, F., Erlich, I., Meiron, R. (1995). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles according to Muska Mosston. HA-Hinukh Ha-Gupani Veha-Sport. 033-52(99), 3-10. Wingate Institute. (Israel).

Journal Paper

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Ernst, M., & Byra, M. (1998). Pairing learners in the reciprocal style of teaching: Influence on student skill, knowledge, and socialization. The Physical Educator. 55(1), 24-37. (United States).

Journal Paper

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decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Franks, D. (Ed.). (1992). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A silver anniversary in physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 25-26. (United States).

Journal Paper

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, critical thinking,thinking critically,thinking skills,critical thought, discovery styles,discovery, divergent discovery style h,style h,divergent discovery style,divergent discovery,style-h,landmark style h,landmark style,landmark styles, divergent movement,divergent, style f,guided discovery style,guided discovery,style-f,landmark style f,landmark style,landmark styles,led discovery, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles

Gabbard, C., & McBride, R. (1990). Critical thinking in the psychomotor domain. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. Winter 1990, 24-27. (United States).

Journal Paper

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cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, social, development, developing social skills, social skills, social skill, social skill development

Garn, A., & Byra, M. (2002). Psychomotor, cognitive, and social development Spectrum style. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 8-13. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Gerney, P. (1979). The effects of Mosston's practice style and reciprocal style on psychomotor skill acquisition and social development of fifth grade students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Gerney, P., & Dort, A. Gerney, P., & Dort, A. (1992). The Spectrum applied: Letters from the trenches. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 36-39. (United States)

Journal Paper

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Godbout, P. (1990). L’ evaluation en situation d’ intervention pedagogique. In, Cazorla G. & Robert G. (Eds.), Actes du Colloque International de la Guadeloupe. L’ evaluation en activite physiques et sport. 21-23, 267-279. Cestas: A.R.E.A.P.S. (Canada).

Conference/Congress Presentation

Goldberger, M. (1979). Research on styles B & C. Unpublished manuscript, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Goldberger, M. (1983). Direct styles of teaching and psychomotor performance. In T. J. Templin, & J. K. Olson (Eds.). Teaching in Physical Education. (211-223). (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Goldberger, M. (1984). Effective learning through a Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 55(8), 17-21. (United States).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Goldberger, M. (1991). Research on teaching physical education: A commentary on Silverman's review. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 52, 369-373. (United States).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Goldberger, M. (1992). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A perspective for research on teaching physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 42-46. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Goldberger, M. (1995). Research on the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. In R. Lidor, E. Eldar, & I. Harari (Eds.). Windows to the future: Bridging the gaps between disciplines curriculum and instruction. (pp. 429-435). AIESEP, World Congress Conference, the Wingate Institute. (United states).

Book/Book Chapter

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Goldberger, M. (2006). Effects of reciprocal teaching on skill on skill acquisition, cooperation, and ability to analyze in fifth grade children. Paper presented at the fourth annual CISAT Faculty Research Day, James Madison University, VA. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Goldberger, M., & Gerney, P. (1986). The effects of direct teaching styles on motor skill acquisition of fifth grade children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 57(3), 215-219. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Goldberger, M., & Gerney, P. (1990). Effects of learner use of practice time on skill acquisition of fifth grade children. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 10, 84-95. (United States).

Journal Paper

Muska Mosston, curriculum, sara, sara lankler, sara ashworth

Goldberger, M., & Howarth, K. (1993). The national curriculum in national physical education and the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. British Journal of Physical Education. 24(1), 23-28. (United States).

Journal Paper

canopy,canopy styles,not landmark styles,non-landmark styles,in-between styles,style variations,style combinations,style variant, decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, channels of development,development channel,development channels,categories of development, misunderstandings, common mistakes, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Goldberger, M., Ashworth, S, and Byra, M. (2012). Spectrum of Teaching Styles retrospective 2012. Quest. 64(4), 268-282. (United States).

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Goldberger, M., Gerney, P., & Chamberlain, J. (1982). The effects of three styles of teaching on the psychomotor performance of fifth grade children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 52(3), 116-124. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Goldberger, M., Gerney, P., & Dort, A. (1982). The effects of direct teaching styles on the psychomotor performance of high and low SES children of varying ability levels. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Houston. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, discovery styles,discovery, divergent discovery style h,style h,divergent discovery style,divergent discovery,style-h,landmark style h,landmark style,landmark styles, divergent movement,divergent, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Goldberger, M., Vedelli, J., & Pitts, C. (1995). The effects of the divergent production style of teaching on children’s problem-solving ability. Paper presented at the Southern District Association AAHPERD Convention, Orlando, FL. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, motivate, motivational teaching, motivational learning, motivational, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, self-perception, self perception, perception, self esteem, self-esteem, self awareness, socially conscious, self conscious, self-conscious, self consciousness, self-consciousness, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Goudas, M., Biddle, S., Fox, K., & Underwood, M. (1995). It ain't what you do, it's the way that you do it! Teaching style affects children's motivation in track and field lessons. The Sport Psychologist. 9, 254-264. (Great Britain)

Journal Paper

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Greenspan, M.R. (1992). The Spectrum introduced: A first year teacher's project. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 40-41. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Griffey, D.C. (1980). A study of aptitude by treatment interactions associated with student decision making in physical education classes. Dissertation Abstracts International. 41(8), 3475-A. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

misunderstandings, common mistakes, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Griffey, D.C. (1981). What is the best way to teach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 1, 18-24. (United States).

Journal Paper

Griffey, D.C. (1983). Aptitude X treatment interactions associated with student decision making. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 2(2), 15-32. (United States).

Journal Paper

Grimland, A.C. (1972). The effects of selected teaching styles on learning an individual sport. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Texas A&M University. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, discovery styles,discovery, divergent discovery style h,style h,divergent discovery style,divergent discovery,style-h,landmark style h,landmark style,landmark styles, divergent movement,divergent, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles

Hall, T.J., & McCullick, B. (2002). Discover, design, and invent: Divergent production. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 22-24. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Harrison, J.M., Fellingham, G.W., Buck, M.M., & Pellett, T.L. (1995). Effects of practice and command styles on rate of change in volleyball performance and self-efficacy of high-, medium-, and low-skilled learners. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 14, 328-339. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Hein, V., & Kivimets, M. (2000). The effects of two styles of teaching and teachers qualification on motor skill performance of the cartwheel. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis. 5, 67-78. (Estonia).

Journal Paper

inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials

Hewitt, M. & Edwards, K. (2011). Self-identified teaching styles of junior development and club professional tennis coaches in Australia. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review. 55, 6-8. (Australia)

Journal Paper

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inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials

Hewitt, M. & Edwards, K. (2013). Observed Teaching Styles of Junior Development and Club Professional Tennis Coaches in Australia. (Australia)

Report/Unpublished Paper

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inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials

Hewitt, M., Ashworth, S., and Edwards, K. (2010). Instrument for collecting coaches’ self-identified beliefs in relation to the teaching styles they use during coaching sessions throughout the year. (Australia).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Hurwitz, D. (1986). Application of the Hurwitz instructional strategy model to Mosston’s Spectrum of styles. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 5, 176-184. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Iserbyt, P., Elen, J. & Behets, D. (2010). Instructional guidance in reciprocal peer tutoring with task cards. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 29, 38-53. (Belgium).

Journal Paper

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Jackson, J.A., & Dorgo, S. (2002). Maximizing learning through the reciprocal style of teaching. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 12(2), 14-18. (United States).

Journal Paper

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Jacoby, D. (1975). A comparison of the effects of command, reciprocal and individual styles of teaching on the development of selected sport skills. Dissertation Abstracts International. 36, 7272A-7273A. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Jenkins, J., Belcher, D., Ernst, M., McCullick, B., Rollerson, L., & Byra, M. (1994, November). Mosston’s Spectrum of Teaching Styles: Live presentation with learners. Presented at the annual Wyoming AHPERD Conference, Sheridan, WY. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, inclusion style,style e,inclusion style,inclusion,inclusion style-e,inclusion-e,landmark styles,landmark style,landmark style e, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Self-teaching style k, self teaching style k, self-teaching style, self teaching style, style k, k, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style k, landmark style-k, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Jenkins, J.M., & Byra, M. (1997). An exploration of theoretical constructs associated with the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. In F. Carreiro da Costa (Ed.),. Research on teaching and research on teacher education: What do we know about the past and what kind of future do we expect?. (pp. 103-108). Lisbon, Portugal: AIESEP. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles

Jenkins, J.M., & Todorovich, J.R. (2002). A powerful relationship with the national standards. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 19-21. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Johnson, P.W. (1982). A comparison of the effects of two teaching styles on tumbling skill acquisition of college students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, style d, self-check style, self-check style d, self check style d, self check style, self check, landmark style d, landmark style, landmark styles, landmark style-d, d, self check, self check style, style-d, check own work, self-perception, self perception, perception, self esteem, self-esteem, self awareness, socially conscious, self conscious, self-conscious, self consciousness, self-consciousness, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Kolovelonis, A., Goudas , M., & Gerodimos, V. (2011). The effects of the reciprocal and the self-check styles on pupils’ performance in primary physical education. European Physical Education Review. 17, 35-50. (Greece).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Krug, D. (1998). Mosston’s Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A new vision!. Education for Life. 126-129. (Brazil).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Krug, D. (1999). Mosston’s Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A new vision. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP World Sport Science Congress, Education for Life, Jyväskylä, Finland. (Brazil).

Conference/Congress Presentation

production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles

Kulinna, P.H., & Cothran, D.J. (2003). Physical education teachers' self-reported use and perceptions of various teaching styles. Learning and Instruction. 13, 597-609. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Kulinna, P.H., & Cothran, D.J., & Zhu, W. (2000). Teachers' experiences with and perceptions of Mosston's Spectrum: How do they compare with students?. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA.. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Lachman, O. (2012). The use of command style in the reeducation course in the water environment for children with ADHD. Journal Telesná Výchova a Sport Mladeze (Physical Education and Sport of the Youth). 78 (2), 37–44. In Czech with English abstract. (Czech Republic).

Journal Paper

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LeBlanc, H. (2006). Le Spectre des styles d’enseignement. Les Editions C&C, North Hathley, Quebec. French translation of teaching physical education 5th ed. (Canada).

Book/Book Chapter

inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials

Lin, C. & Chou, H. (2008). The development of “Students’ Perceptions of Teaching Styles Scale” based on Mosston’s Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Physical Education Journal. 41(4), 91-104. In Chinese with English abstract. (Taiwan).

Journal Paper

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Liu, P. (1997). An experimental proof of Mosston reciprocal style in the teaching of physical education and sports at common institutions of high learning. Journal of Guangzhou Physical Education Institute. 17(1), 78-81. (China).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Locke, L. (1967). On understanding Mosston, circa 1967. Teachers College, Columbia University. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Locke, L. (1970). The workshop that worked. Journal of Health Physical Education and Recreation. 41(6), 19-21. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Maina, M. P. (1997). Effects of divergent production style H initiative game activities on fifth-grade students use of critical thinking skills in physical education. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. The Florida State University. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

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command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Mariani, T. (1970). A comparison of the effectiveness of the command method and the task method of teaching the forehand and backhand tennis strokes. Research Quarterly. 41, 171-174. (United States).

Journal Paper

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, critical thinking,thinking critically,thinking skills,critical thought, discovery styles,discovery, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

McBride, R. (1989). Teaching critical thinking skills in the psycho-motor learning learning environment - A possibility or a passing phase. The Physical Educator. 46(4), 170-173. (United States).

Journal Paper

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McBride, R. (1991). Who says you don't have to think in gym? Fostering critical thinking in physical education. Texas Association HPERD Journal. February 1991, 19-20, 47. (United States).

Journal Paper

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McBride, R., Gabbard, C., Miller, G McBride, R., Gabbard, C., Miller, G (1990). Teaching critical thinking skills in the psychomotor domain. The Clearing House Psychomotor Domain. 63, 197-201. (United States).

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McCleary, E. (1974). A comparison of the task and problem solving styles in teaching kindergarten and first grade students. Unpublished manuscript, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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McCullick, B., & Byra, M. (2002). Spectrum teaching styles and the national standards for physical education: Introduction. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 6-7. (United States).

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Mellor, W. (1992). The Spectrum in Canada and Great Britain. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 47. (Canada).

Journal Paper

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Metzler, M. (1983). On styles. Quest. 35, 145-154. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Mizios, D., & Digelidis, N. (2007). Motivational climate, intrinsic-extrinsic motivation and teaching styles: the reciprocal and self-check style. Paper presented at the 12th European congress of sport psychology, Chalkidiki, Greece. (Greece).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mizios, D., Digelidis, N., Goudas, M., & Papaioannou, A. (2007). The reciprocal and the self-check teaching styles in high school. (Greece).

Thesis/Dissertation

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Moore, R.E. (1996). Effects of the use of two different teaching styles of fifth grade students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, East Texas State University, Texas. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

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Morgan, K. (2003). Teaching styles, progression and variety in athletics lessons. British Journal of Teaching Physical Education. 34(1), 12-14. (Great Britain).

Journal Paper

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Morgan, K., Kingston, K. & Sproule, J. (2005). Effects of different teaching styles, on the teacher behaviours that influence motivational climate in physical education. European Physical Education Review. 11(3), 257-286. (Great Britain).

Journal Paper

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Mosston, M. (1965a). From command to discovery, styles of teaching in physical education. Speech NCPEAM conference, December 30th. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1965b). Teaching styles – a spectrum. Speech to NCPEAM conference, December 30th. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1966a). Teaching physical education. Columbus, OH: Merrill. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M. (1966b). The integration of a style of teaching with the structure of the subject matter. Paper presented to the National College Physical Education Association of Men, San Diego, CA. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1967). Alternatives in the design and the teaching of movement (an outline). Speech at the Pennsylvania State AHPER, December 9th. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1969a). Inclusion and exclusion in education II. Unpublished manuscript, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Mosston, M. (1969b). New models in physical education: Developmental movement and the Spectrum of styles. Paper presented to the Differential Education Project, Madison Heights, MI. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1969c). Notes on the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Paper presented to the second and third general sessions of the 1969 SAPECW conference, Memphis, TN. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mosston, M. (1972). . Shift of decisions in the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M. (1972). . Teaching: From command to discovery. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M. (1975). The rationale and some assumptions concerning the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Mosston, M. (1981). Teaching physical education. (2nd ed.), Columbus, OH: Merrill. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M. (1990). The 3 R’s for teachers: Reflect, refine, revitalize. Focus on Education Journal. 11-17. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Mosston, M. (1991). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles- Past, present and future. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Mosston, M. (1992). Tug-o-war, no more: Meeting teaching-learning objectives using the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 27-31, 56. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1973). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: Rationale and description of the training program for teachers and supervisors. Center on Teaching workshop expectations. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1984a). From command to discovery: Toward a unified theory of teaching - An overview. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1984b). From command to discovery: Toward a unified theory of teaching. Bulletin of the Federation Internationale Physique. 54(3/4), 5-8. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1985a). From ordering to discovering: Toward a unified teaching theory. Boletim da Federacao International de Edcacao Fisica (Belo Horizonte, Brazil). 56(4), 7-11. (United States).

Journal Paper

decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, channels of development,development channel,development channels,categories of development, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1985b). Toward a unified theory of teaching. Educational Leadership. 42(8), 31-34. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1986). . Teaching physical education. (3rd ed.), Columbus, OH: Merrill. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1990). . The Spectrum of Teaching Styles. From command to discovery. White Plains, NY: Longman. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1993). . Spanish translation of teaching physical education. (3rd ed.), Madrid, Spain. (Spain).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (1994). . Teaching physical education. (4th ed.), New York: Macmillan. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Mosston, M., & Ashworth, S. (2002). . Teaching physical education. (5th ed.), Boston: Benjamin Cummings. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Mosston, M., & Mueller, R. (1968). Present state and future developments. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Mosston, M., & Mueller, R. (1969). Mission, omission, and submission in physical education. Presented to the NCPEAM National Conference, Chicago, IL. (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Mouratidou, K., Goutza, S., & Chatzopoulos, D. (2007). Physical education and moral development: an intervention programme to promote moral reasoning through physical education in high school students. European Physical Education Review. 13(1), 41-56. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Mueller, R., & Mueller, S. (1992). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles and its role in conscious and deliberate teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 48-53. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Mueller, S., & Mueller, R. (1994a). In memoriam: Muska Mosston. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 65(8), 13. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Mueller, S., & Mueller, R. (1994b). In memoriam. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport and Dance (ICHPERSD) Journal. XXXI(1), Fall 1994. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Na, J. Teaching taekwondo through Mosston's Spectrum of Styles. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance. 80(2), 32-43. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Neetz, K.J. (1987). A comparison of command versus guided discovery teaching styles on learning basic volleyball skills and on the learners’ perceptions of teacher effectiveness. Unpublished Master thesis, Northern Illinois University, Illinois. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

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Nixon, J.E., & Locke, L.F. Research on teaching physical education. In R. M. W. Travers (Ed.),. Second handbook of research on teaching. (pp 1210-1242). Chicago, IL: Rand McNally and Company. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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Oosthuizen, M.J., & Griesel, J.J. (1992). The effects of the command, reciprocal, and inclusion teaching styles on the psychomotor, cognitive, affective, and social domains of high school boys. S.A. Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education, and Recreation. 15(2), 27-32. (South Africa).

Journal Paper

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Oxman, W.G., & Michelli, N.M. (1979a). A Title IV-C project - evaluation report. Gemini Educational Services, Glen Ridge, N.J. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Oxman, W.G., & Michelli, N.M. (1979b). Center on teaching analysis of student achievement data: A Research Report. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

Oxman, W.G., & Michelli, N.M. (1981). Analysis of teacher perceptions of in-service training in the use of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles: An eight year follow-up study. Center-On-Teaching Report. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Papaioannou, A., & Orfanidou, S. (2007, September). Effects of inclusive style, self-check style, and practice style on achievement goals and intrinsic motivation. Paper presented at the 1st international forum on Spectrum teaching styles: A reunion and a review, Chalkidiki, Greece. (Greece).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Papaioannou, A., Theodosiou, A., Pashali, M. & Digelidis, N. (2012). Advancing task involvement, intrinsic motivation and metacognitive regulation in physical education classes: the self-check style of teaching makes a difference. Advances in Physical Education. 2(3), 110-118. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Papamichou, A., Diggelidis, N., & Papaioannou, A. (2004). Effects of the practice and inclusion styles on motivation: An intervention study with fifth and sixth graders. Paper presented at the 3rd International Congress of Sport Psychology, Trikala, Greece. (Greece).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Parker, M. B. & Curtner-Smith, M. (2012). Preservice teachers’ use of productive and reproductive teaching styles within multi-activity and sport education units. European Physical Education Review. 18(1), 127-143. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Patmanoglou, S., Digelidis, N., Mantis, K., Papapetrou, L., & Mavidis, A. (2007). The impact of the command and self-check teaching styles in goal orientations, perceived motivational climate, and perceived athletic ability in the elementary. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education. 5(2), 199-206. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Patmanoglou, S., Mantis, K., Digelidis, N., Tsigilis, N. & Papapetrou. L. (2008). The command and self-check styles for more effective teaching of tennis at the elementary school. International Journal of Physical Education. 45(1), 26-32. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976a). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles survey questions, teacher questionnaire.. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976b). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles survey questions, spectrum teacher questionnaire. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976c). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Laboratory for Cognitive Studies in Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Pieron, M. (1995). Research on the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. In R. Lidor, E. Eldar, & I. Harari (Eds.), Windows to the future: Bridging the gaps between disciplines curriculum and instruction (436-438). AIESEP, world congress conference, the Wingate Institute, Israel. (Belgium).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Polvi, S., & Telama, R. (2000). The use of cooperative learning as a social enhancer in physical education. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 44(1), 105-115. (Finland).

Journal Paper

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Proios, M. & Proios, M. (2008). The Effects of teaching styles of gymnastics and basketball exercises on children’s moral development within the framework physical education. International Journal of Physical Education. 45(1), 13-19. (Greece).

Journal Paper

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Reppa, G. P. (2007). Motivation and affective outcomes of physical education: Implications for health education. Science Education International. 18(3), 217-233. (UK).

Journal Paper

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Salter, W.B. (1984). The effects of three disparate instructional approaches on skill attempts and student learning in an experimental teaching unit. Dissertation Abstracts International. 45(6), 1685-A. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, style f,guided discovery style,guided discovery,style-f,landmark style f,landmark style,landmark styles,led discovery, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Salter, W.B., & Graham, G. (1985). The effect of three disparate instructional approaches on skill attempts and student learning in an experimental teaching unit. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 4, 212-218. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Salvara, M., & Bironé, E. (2002). Teachers' use of teaching styles: A comparative study between Greece and Hungary. International Journal of Aplied Sports Sciences. 14(2), 46-69. (Hungary).

Journal Paper

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Salvara, M., Bognár, J., & Biro, E. (2003). The effect of Greek and Hungarian national curricula in the elementary schools teachers and learners interactions. Paper presented at VIIth IOC Olympic World Congress on Sport Sciences in Athens, Greece. (Hungary).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Salvara, M., LeBlanc,J., Bognár, J., & Biro, E. (na). The effect of postgraduate studies on elementary school physical education teachers’ perceptions for overall pupils’ development using ten teaching styles. Budapest & Canada.

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Sanmuga, N. (2008). An investigation into school boys’ interest and game situation performances using TGFU model incorporated within styles B, E, and H of Mosston and Ashworth teaching styles as training regimes. Presentation at Teaching Games for Understanding International Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. (Malaysia).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Schlott, K.A. (1970). A comparison of two methods of teaching selected skills in field hockey. Completed Research in Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 12, 226. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Shirey, L.L., Anderson, R.C., & Pichert, J.W. (1978). Active vs. passive time on task of Spectrum and non-Spectrum students. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, misunderstandings, common mistakes, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Sicilia-Camacho, A., & Brown, D. (2008). Revisiting the paradigm shift from the versus to the non-versus notion of Mosston's Spectrum of Teaching Styles in physical education pedagogy: a critical pedagogical perspective. Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy. 13(1), 85-108. (Spain).

Journal Paper

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Simpson, R. (2003). Does the teaching style selected in badminton affect the motor skill development and acquisition of female pupils. Unpublished manuscript, John Moore University, Liverpool. (Great Britain).

Report/Unpublished Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Simri, U. (ed.) (1997). . Muska – A biography of Dr. Muska Mosston. Herzlia, Israel: The friends of Muska Mosston. (Israel).

Book/Book Chapter

inventory,teaching inventory,supplies,teaching supplies,classroom supplies,classroom materials,materials, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

SueSee, B. & Edwards, K. (2009). Developing the descriptions of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum inventory. ACHPER International Conference 2009 - Issues in HPE Pedagogy. 155-165. (Australia).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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SueSee, B. & Edwards, K. (2011). Self-identified and observed teaching styles of senior physical education teachers in Queensland schools. Presentation at The 27th ACHPER International Conference - Moving, Learning & Achieving, Prince Alfred College, Adelaide, AUSTRALIA, April 18-20,2011.. (Australia).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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SueSee, B., Ashworth, S., & Edwards, K. (2006). Instrument for collecting teachers’ beliefs about their teaching styles used in physical education: Adaptation of description inventory of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum approach. Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. (Australia). [View PDF]

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Sunay, H., Gundiiz, N., & Dolasir, S. (2004). The effects of different methods used in teaching basic volleyball techniques to physical education teacher candidates. International Journal of Physical Education. 41(1), 28-32. (Turkey).

Journal Paper

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Telama, R. (1992). The Spectrum in Finland. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 54-56. (Finland).

Journal Paper

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Tsolakidis, S. & Anagnostou, G. (2011). The impact of physical education teaching styles on the construction of pupils' literate subjectivities. Proceedings of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Department of Linguistics of the Faculty of Philosophy of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. (Greece).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Underwood, M. (1987). Teaching strategies and pupils social development in physical education.. Research Papers in Education. 2(3), 200-233. (Great Britain).

Journal Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Varnon, D. (1991). Association for supervision and curriculum development’s review of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles.. Educational Leadership. 48(8), 83. (United States).

Journal Paper

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Virgilio, S.J. (1979). The effects of direct and reciprocal teaching strategies on the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor behavior of fifth grade pupils in beginning archery. Dissertation Abstracts International. 40, 5367A. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Virgilio, S.J. (1984). The effects of command and reciprocal teaching styles on the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor behavior of fifth grade pupils. The Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 16(3), 16-19. (United States).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Virgilio, S.J. (2014). Physical Education Trailblazers - A Contemporary Look. P.E. NEWS Monthly E-mail Newsletter. 16(4). (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, self-perception, self perception, perception, self esteem, self-esteem, self awareness, socially conscious, self conscious, self-conscious, self consciousness, self-consciousness, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Virgilio, S.J., & Krebs, P.S. (1982). The effects of direct and direct reciprocal individual teaching styles on self concept, cardiovascular development and certain physiological parameters. Louisiana Education Research Journal. 7, 5-12. (United States).

Journal Paper

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, spectrum class, training materials, materials, instructional materials, instructions

White-Stevens, L. (1977). Educational programs that work. Center on Teaching, State of New Jersey. 15-18. (United States).

Report/Unpublished Paper

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Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston

Williams, A. (1996). Teaching physical education: A guide for mentors and students. David Fulton publishers, London. (Great Britain).

Book/Book Chapter

cognition,cognitive development,cognition development,developing cognition,cognitive advancement, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, skill acquisition, acquisition, acquire skills, acquiring skills, acquiring skill, gaining skills, increasing skill, how to, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Wilson, S.L. (1997). The effect of two teaching styles on children's skill performance and task analysis ability. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia, Virginia. (United States).

Thesis/Dissertation

command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, style c, reciprocal style, reciprocal style c, reciprocal, c, style-c, reciprocal style-c, landmark styles, landmark style, landmark style c, landmark style-c, c, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Yoncalık, O. (2009). The effects of three teaching styles on elementary sixth grade students’ achievement in physical education lesson. Selçuk University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science. 11(3), 33-46. (Turkey).

Journal Paper

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Yoncalık, O. (2010). Professional Turkish soccer players' perceptions towards different teaching methods. The Scientific Journal Facta Universitatis Series: Physical Education and Sport. 8(2), 97-105. (Turkey).

Journal Paper

affective learning,successful development,development,effective development, command style a,command style,style a,style-a,command-a,The command Style,The command style-a,the command style a,landmark style,landmark styles,landmark style a,landmark style-a, practice style, style b, practice style b, style-b, Landmark Style B, Landmark Style, practice b, landmark styles, b, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Yoncalık, O., Yetim, A. A., Şenel, Ö. (2009). Effects of teaching with Mosston's command, practice and reciprocal styles on affective reactions of 6th grade students towards physical education lesson. International Journal of Educational Reform. 18(4), 311-328. (Turkey).

Journal Paper

Zeng, H. (2009). Pedagogical behaviors of physical educators. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

Zeng, H. (2010). Teaching and learning in physical education class settings. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara

Zeng, H. (2012). . Implementing Mosston's teaching styles in physical education skill classes. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. (United States).

Book/Book Chapter

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production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Spectrum Study, Spectrum observation, classroom observation, researchers, case study, Spectrum case study,Spectrum case studies,case studies

Zeng, H. (2012). PETE students' perceptions about Mosston's Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Suppl, 83, Also presented at Research Consortium Conference of the 2012 AAHPERD National Convention (Boston, MA). (United States).

Conference/Congress Presentation

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Zeng, H., Leung, R., Liu, W., & Bian, W. (2009). Learning outcomes taught by three teaching styles in college fundamental volleyball classes. Clinical Kinesiology. 63(1), 1-6. (United States).

Journal Paper

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canopy,canopy styles,not landmark styles,non-landmark styles,in-between styles,style variations,style combinations,style variant, decisions,choices,making choices,making decisions, channels of development,development channel,development channels,categories of development, Moshe Mosston, Muska, Mosston, Moshe, Muska Mosston, M Mosston, Muska M, Spectrum founder, Spectrum Discoverer, founder, Dr Muska Mosston, Dr Mosston, production, production styles, produce, creation styles, productive style, productive, productive styles, reproduction, reproduction styles, reproduce, reproduction style, replicate, replication, replication style, reproduce action, reproductive style, reproductive, reproductive styles, Dr Sara Ashworth, Dr Ashworth, S Ashworth, Founder, Spectrum Founder, Professor Ashworth, Professor Sara, subject, topic, study topic, subjects, topics, study topics

Zeng, Z. H. & Gao, Q. (2012). Teaching physical education using the Spectrum of Teaching Styles: Introduction to Mosston’s Spectrum of Teaching Styles. China School Physical Education. 2012-01, 65-68. (China).

Journal Paper

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