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Library & Resources

This page is a replica of the original version of the website, and will be updated soon to include interactive tools to help you sort through all available resources, by name, type of file, date, etc.. (Click the icon below to get Adobe Reader for free.)

The Institute is continuously updating this Spectrum research section. You are cordially invited to submit your published or unpublished Spectrum articles for consideration of inclusion on this page. For each article, designate: Author(s), Year, Title, Periodical Name, Volume/Issue, Pages and Country of Author(s). Click here to email your article information, and include a link of the article in Adobe PDF format. If your article is listed below, and we do not have a linked PDF file, please submit a link to the file.

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  • Papacharisis, V., Goudas, M., Danish, S.J., & Theodorakis, Y. (2005). The effectiveness of teaching a life skills program in a sport context. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 17(3), 247-254. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Papaioannou, A. (1965). Motivation and goal perspectives in children's physical education. In S. Biddle (Ed.),. European perspectives on exercise and sport psychology. (pp 245-269). Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Papaioannou, A. (1994). The development of a questionnaire to measure achievement orientations in Physical Education. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport. 65, 11-20. (United States).
  • Papaioannou, A. (1995). Differential perceptual and motivational patterns when different goals are adopted. Journal of Sports & Exercise Psychology. 17, 18-34. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Papaioannou, A., & Orfanidou, S. (2007, September). Effects of inclusive style, self-check style, and practice style on achievement goals and intrinsic motivation. Paper presented at the 1st international forum on Spectrum teaching styles: A reunion and a review, Chalkidiki, Greece. (Greece).
  • Papaioannou, A., Theodosiou, A., Pashali, M. & Digelidis, N. (2012). Advancing task involvement, intrinsic motivation and metacognitive regulation in physical education classes: the self-check style of teaching makes a difference. Advances in Physical Education. 2(3), 110-118. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Papamichou, A., Diggelidis, N., & Papaioannou, A. (2004). Effects of the practice and inclusion styles on motivation: An intervention study with fifth and sixth graders. Paper presented at the 3rd International Congress of Sport Psychology, Trikala, Greece. (Greece).
  • Parker, M. B. & Curtner-Smith, M. (2012). Preservice teachers’ use of productive and reproductive teaching styles within multi-activity and sport education units. European Physical Education Review. 18(1), 127-143. (United States).
  • Patmanoglou, S., Digelidis, N., Mantis, K., Papapetrou, L., & Mavidis, A. (2007). The impact of the command and self-check teaching styles in goal orientations, perceived motivational climate, and perceived athletic ability in the elementary. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education. 5(2), 199-206. (Greece).
  • Patmanoglou, S., Mantis, K., Digelidis, N., Tsigilis, N. & Papapetrou. L. (2008). The command and self-check styles for more effective teaching of tennis at the elementary school. International Journal of Physical Education. 45(1), 26-32. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976a). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles survey questions, teacher questionnaire.. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976b). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles survey questions, spectrum teacher questionnaire. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Pichert, J.W., Anderson, R.C., Armbruster, B.V., Surber, J.R. & Shirey, L.L. (1976c). An evaluation of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Laboratory for Cognitive Studies in Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Pieron, M. (1995). Research on the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. In R. Lidor, E. Eldar, & I. Harari (Eds.), Windows to the future: Bridging the gaps between disciplines curriculum and instruction (436-438). AIESEP, world congress conference, the Wingate Institute, Israel. (United States).
  • Polvi, S., & Telama, R. (2000). The use of cooperative learning as a social enhancer in physical education. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. 44(1), 105-115. (Finland).
  • Proios, M. & Proios, M. (2008). The Effects of teaching styles of gymnastics and basketball exercises on children’s moral development within the framework physical education. International Journal of Physical Education. 45(1), 13-19. (Greece). [View PDF]
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