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Library & Resources

This page is a replica of the original version of the website, and will be updated soon to include interactive tools to help you sort through all available resources, by name, type of file, date, etc.. (Click the icon below to get Adobe Reader for free.)

The Institute is continuously updating this Spectrum research section. You are cordially invited to submit your published or unpublished Spectrum articles for consideration of inclusion on this page. For each article, designate: Author(s), Year, Title, Periodical Name, Volume/Issue, Pages and Country of Author(s). Click here to email your article information, and include a link of the article in Adobe PDF format. If your article is listed below, and we do not have a linked PDF file, please submit a link to the file.

A
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  • Abd Al-Salam, A. (2004). The effects of three styles of teaching on the performance level and practice trials of long serves and short serves in badminton. Dirasat: Educational Sciences. 31(1), 88-104. (Jordan). [View PDF]
  • Al Naddaf, A. & Al-Kuraymeen, R. (2007). The effect of using three types of feedback on learning the overhead service in volleyball by using the inclusion style. Abhat Al-Yarmouk. 23(4), 1467-1490. (Jordan). [View PDF]
  • Alhayek, S.K. (2004). The effects of using two basketball teaching styles on physical education students' skill performance and attitudes. Dirasat: Educational Sciences. 31(1), 217-229. (Jordan). [View PDF]
  • Alhayek, S.K. (2008). The effect of teaching physical education styles on the achievement of students' life skills. Presentation at Teaching Games for Understanding International Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. (Jordan).[View PDF]
  • AlMulla-Abdullah, F. (2003). The effectiveness of the reciprocal teaching style on the level of shooting skills acquisition in team handball. Journal of Educational Psychological Science. 3(4), 10-37. (Jordan).
  • Al Naddaf, A. & Al-Kuraymeen, R. (2007). The effect of using three types of feedback on learning the overhead service in volleyball by using the inclusion style. Abhat Al-Yarmouk. 23(4), 1467-1490. (Jordan). [View PDF]
  • Anderson, R.C. (1975). Student questionnaire response. Center-On-Teaching Report. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1983a). A comparison of feedback behavior of teachers trained in Mosston's Spectrum and teachers not trained in the Spectrum. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).
  • Ashworth, S. (1983b). A comparison of feedback behavior of teachers trained in Mosston's Spectrum and teachers not trained in the Spectrum, Survey and Tally of Final Results. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1988). Effects of Spectrum teaching styles on teacher education students. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University. (United States).
  • Ashworth, S. (1989a). Problems of teaching and teacher training. The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A first year study. In L. Telama (Ed.),. Physical Education and Life-Long Physical Activity. Proceedings of the Jyvaskyla Sport Congress: Movement and Sport, AIESEP World Convention, Jyvaskyla, Finland, (pp 248-259). (United States). [View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1989b). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A second year study. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University (IRDTE Grant). (United States).
  • Ashworth, S. (1990). Episodic teaching: A Spectrum of teaching behaviors. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP International Seminar, Wingate Institute, Natanya, Israel. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1991a). Are critical thinking techniques internalized by students in teacher training programs?. Unpublished manuscript. (United States).
  • Ashworth, S. (1991b). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles and teacher education. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1991c). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles pre-student teaching program: A third year study. Unpublished manuscript, Florida Atlantic University.
  • Ashworth, S. (1992). The Spectrum and teacher education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 32-35, 53. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1994). Muska Mosston: One who made a difference. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. October 1994, (United States)[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1995). One who made a difference: Muska Mosston. Journal of the International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. Winter, (United States). [View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1998a). Defining and implementing a teaching style. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP World Sport Science Congress on Education for Life, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (1998b). The good, the bad, and the ugly of physical education. Paper presented at the meeting of the AIESEP World Sport Science Congress on Education for Life, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States).
  • Ashworth, S., & Dolan, M. (2006). Relating teaching behaviors to cognition. Paper and powerpoint presented at the AIESEP World Congress. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S., Dolan, M., Kirsch, G., & Vitale, M. (2004). Evaluating a teacher education program through performance task assessments. Paper presented at the AACTE, Chicago, IL. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (2010, 2004). Description inventory of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum approach. (To view an instrument design of this inventory that collects data on teachers’ beliefs about teaching styles …see SueSee. B.,2006). (United States). [View PDF]
  • Ashworth, S. (2008). Descriptions of landmark teaching styles: A spectrum inventory.. (United States).[View PDF]
  • Anagnostou, G., & Tsolakidis, S. (2010). School discourse and physical education: A contribution to the study of how the verbal aspects of teaching styles affect the construction of literate subjectivities. In N. Tsagaridou et al. (Eds.),. Proceedings of the 11th Pancyprian Conference of the Cyprus Pedagogical Association-Managing educational change: Research, policy, practice. (492-502). Cyprus. (Cyprus). [View PDF]
  • Anagnostou G., Tsolakidis S., Digelidis D., & Patsiaouras A. (2011). The contribution of of physical education to the construction of pupils' literate subjectivities. Sport & Science. 1, 145-153. (Bulgaria).[View PDF]
B
  • Banville, D., Amade-Escot, C., Richard J., MacDonald, D. & Sarmento, P. (2001). An international symposium on teaching styles. (United States, France, Canada, Australia, Portugal). [View PDF]
  • Beckett, K.D. (1989). The effects of two teaching styles on college students' achievement of selected physical education outcomes. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. University of Pittsburgh, PA. (United States).
  • Beckett, K.D. (1991). The effects of two teaching styles on college students' achievement of selected physical education outcomes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 10 (2), 153-169. Abstract. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Boschee, F.A. (1972). A comparison of the effects of command, task, and individual program styles of teaching on four developmental channels. Dissertation Abstracts International. 33, 2066A.
  • Bournelli, P. (1998). The effects of a physical education intervention program on elementary school children’s creativity. Kinesiology. 3 (1,2), 67-82.
  • Boyce, B.A. (1992). The effects of three styles of teaching on university student’s motor performance. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 11 (4), 389-401. (United States).
  • Bryant, W. (1974). Comparison of the practice and reciprocal styles of teaching. Unpublished manuscript. Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).
  • Byra, M. (1999a). Meeting national standards through the Spectrum: Beginning teacher standards. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance , Boston, MA. (United States).
  • Byra, M. (1999b). Teaching the Spectrum to physical education teacher education students at the University of Wyoming. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Boston, MA. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2000a). A coherent PETE program: Spectrum style. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 71(9), 40-43, 56. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2000b). A review of Spectrum research: The contributions of two eras. Quest. 52, 229-245. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2002). A review of Spectrum research. In M. Mosston & S. Ashworth,. Teaching physical education. (5th ed.), (pp. 319-335). San Francisco, CA: Benjamin Cummings. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2004). Applying a task progression to the reciprocal style of teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 75(2), 42-46. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2006a). Teaching styles and inclusive pedagogies. Handbook of research in physical education. 449-466. London, UK: Sage Publications. (United Kingdom). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M. (2006b). The reciprocal style of teaching: A positive motivational climate. Paper presented at the AIESEP World Congress, The Role of Physical Education and Sport in Promoting Physical Activity and Health, Jyväskylä, Finland. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (1998). The thoughts and behaviors of learners in the inclusion style of teaching. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 18, 26-42. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (1999). Spectrum research: A historical overview. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance , Boston, MA. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M., & Jenkins, J. (2000). Matching instructional tasks with learner ability: Inclusion style of teaching. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 71(3), 26-30. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Byra, M., & Marks, M.C. (1993). The effect of two pairing techniques on specific feedback and comfort levels of learners in the reciprocal style of teaching. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 12, 286-300. (United States). [View PDF]
C
  • Cai, S.X. (1995). Effect of three teaching styles on college student mood states, enjoyment of physical activity, and attitude toward teaching. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Arkansas, Arkansas. (United States).
  • Cai, S.X. (1997). College student attitude toward three teaching styles in physical education classes. College Student Journal. 31, 251-260. (United States).
  • Chamberlain, J. (1979). The effects of Mosston’s practice style and individual program teacher design on motor skill acquisition and self-concept of fifth grade learners. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).
  • Chatoupis, C. (2000). The effects of two teaching styles on physical fitness and perceived athletic competence of fifth grade students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation - University of Manchester. (United Kingdom). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2003). The effects of two teaching styles on perceived athletic competence of fifth graders.. Paper presented at the 4th Congress of the Greek Sport Science Association, Crete, Greece. (Greece).
  • Chatoupis, C. (2005). Effects of practice and inclusion styles on perceived athletic competence of Greek primary school children. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism. 12(1), 47-57. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2007). Decision making in physical education: Theoretical perspectives. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism. 14(2), 195-204. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2008). The effects of two teaching styles on physical fitness of fifth graders. Paper presented at the 11th annual Pan-Hellenic physical education teachers congress, Athens, Greece. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2009). Contributions of the Spectrum of Teaching Styles to research on teaching. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism. 16(2), 193-205. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2010). Spectrum research reconsidered. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences. 22(1), 80-96. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C. (2010). An analysis of Spectrum research on teaching. The Physical Educator. 67(4), 188-197. (Greece).
  • Chatoupis, C. (2012). Children’s divergent movement ability: A study revisited. Early Child Development and Care. 1-17, iFirst Article. (Greece).
  • Chatoupis, C., & Emmanuel, C. (2003a). Teaching physical education with the inclusion style: The case of a Greek elementary school. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 74(8), 33-38. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C., & Emmanuel, C. (2003b). The effects of two disparate instructional approaches on student self-perceptions in elementary physical education. European Journal of Sport Science. 3(1), 1-16. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatoupis, C., & Vagenas, G. (2011). An analysis of published process product research on physical education teaching methods. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences. 23(1), 271-289. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Chatzopoulos, D., Kofterou, A., & Georgiou, M. (2003). Multifaceted exercise of balance and pedagogic framework of its application in primary education. Inquiries in Sports & Physical Education. 1(2), 176-182. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Cheffers, I.T. (1972). Validation of an instrument designed to expand the Flanders system of interaction analysis to describe nonverbal interaction, different varieties of teacher behavior, and pupil responses. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).
  • Cheffers, J. (1994). A life to be celebrated: The lively days of Muska Mosston.. International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education. 45(2), 2. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Chen, W., & Cone, T. (2003). Links between children’s use of critical thinking and expert teacher’s teaching in creative dance. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 22(2), 169-185.
  • Cho, M., Hwang, H., You, J., Kim, Y., & Choi, H. (2004). . Teaching physical education. (5th ed.), (M. Cho, H. Hwang, J. You, Y. Kim, & H. Choi, Trans.). Seoul, Korea: Daehan Media Co., Ltd.. www.daehanmedia.com.
  • Christodoulidis, T., Papaioannou, A., & Digelidis, N. (2001). Motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise in Greek senior high school: A year-long intervention. European Journal of Sport Science. 1(4), 228-241. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Cleland, F.E. (1990). How many ways can I? Problem solving through movement. In W.J. Stinson (Ed.),. Moving and learning for the young child. (pp 73-74). Reston, VA: AAHPERD. (United States).
  • Cleland, F.E. (1994). Young children's divergent movement ability: Study II. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 13, 228-241. (United States).
  • Cleland. F.E., Donnelly, F., Helion, J., & Fry, F. (1999). Modifying teacher behaviors to promote critical thinking in K-12 physical education. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 18, 199-215. (United States).
  • Cleland, F.E., & Gallahue, D.L. (1993). Young children's divergent movement ability. Perceptual and Motor skills. 77, 535-544. (United States).
  • Cleland, F.E., & Pearse, C. (1995). Critical thinking in elementary physical education: Reflections on a yearlong study. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 66(6), 31-38. (United States).
  • Colella D. (2011). Motor competences and teaching styles in physical education. CQIA, October, pp. 85-93. ISSN: 2039-4039. [View PDF]
  • Colella D., Ercolino L., Morano M. (2012). Teaching Styles, motor performances and physical self-efficacy in primary school, Together for Physical Education – Scientific Comunication of the 7h European FIEP Congress, [Barcellona 7-9 June 2012], p. 378- 382. ISBN: 978-84-9729-314-3. [View PDF]
  • Cothran, D. J., & Kulinna, P.H. (2006). Students' perspectives on direct, peer, and inquiry teaching styles. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 25, 166-181. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Cothran, D. J., & Kulinna, P.H. (2008). Teachers' knowledge about and use of teaching models. The Physical Educator. Fall 2008, 122-129. (United States). (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., Banville, D., Choi, E., Amade-Escot, C., MacPhail, A., MacDonald, D., Richard, J.F., Sarmento, P.A. & Kirk, D. (2005). Cross-cultural investigation of the use of teaching styles. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 76(2), 193-201. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., & Ward, E. (1999). Students’ experiences with and perceptions of Mosston’s teaching styles [abstract]. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 68, (Supplement) A-84. (United States).
  • Cothran, D.J., Kulinna, P.H., & Ward, E. (2000). Students' experiences with and perceptions of teaching styles. Journal of Research and Development in Education. 33(5), 93-102. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Cox, R.L. (1986). A systematic approach to teaching sport. In M. Pieron & G. Graham (Eds.). Sport pedagogy. (109-116). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, Champaign, Illinois. (United States).
  • Crum, B. (1995). Muska’s claim reconsidered – The Spectrum or A Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Presented at the Muska Mosston Symposium. Wingate Institute, Israel. (Finland). [View PDF]
  • Curtner-Smith, M.D. (2001). Instrument for identifying teaching styles (IFITS). (United States). [View PDF]
  • Curtner-Smith, M.D., Hasty, D.L., & Kerr, I.G. (1998). Influence of national curriculum physical education on teachers’ use of productive and reproductive teaching styles. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Curtner-Smith, M.D., Hasty, D.L., & Kerr, I.G. (2001). Teachers' use of productive and reproductive teaching styles prior to and following the introduction of National Curriculum Physical Education. Educational Research. 43(3), 333-340. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Curtner-Smith, M.D., Todorovich, J.R., McCaughtry, N.A., & Lacon, S.A. (2001). Urban teachers' use of productive and reproductive teaching styles within the confines of the National Curriculum for Physical Education. European Physical Education Review. 7(2), 177-190. (United States). [View PDF]
D
  • Darom, R. (2004). Connecting aspects of the Spectrum and of self-efficacy. Dissertation. (Israel). [View PDF]
  • Derri, V., & Pachta, M. (2007). Motor skills and concepts acquisition and retention: A comparison between two styles of teaching. International Journal of Sport Science. 3(3), 37-47. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Digelidis, N. (2006). Extending the Spectrum: An in depth analysis of the teaching styles taxonomy. Inquiries in Sport and Physical Education. 4(2), 131-147. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Digelidis, N., Papaioannou, A., Laparidis, K., & Christodoulidis, T. (2003). A one-year intervention in 7th grade physical education classes aiming to change motivational climate and attitudes towards exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 4, 195–210. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Dobry, L. (2007). Modifying teacher behaviors - the key prerequisite of the success of our school reform. Telesná výchova a sport mládeze. 73(3), 8-15. (Czech Republic). [View PDF]
  • Dougherty, M. (1970). A comparison of the effects of command, task, and individual program styles of teaching in the development of physical fitness and motor skills. Dissertation Abstracts International. 31, 5821A-5822A. (United States).
  • Doherty, J. (2010). Teaching styles in physical education and Mosston's spectrum. KAHPERD Journal. 48(1), 4-6. (United Kingdom). [View PDF]
E
  • Eldar, F., Erlich, I., Meiron, R. (1995). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles according to Muska Mosston. HA-Hinukh Ha-Gupani Veha-Sport. 033-52(99), 3-10. Wingate Institute. (Israel). [View PDF]
  • Ernst, M., & Byra, M. (1998). Pairing learners in the reciprocal style of teaching: Influence on student skill, knowledge, and socialization. The Physical Educator. 55(1), 24-37. (United States). [View PDF]
F
  • Franks, D. (Ed.). (1992). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A silver anniversary in physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 25-26. (United States). [View PDF]
G
  • Gabbard, C., & McBride, R. (1990). Critical thinking in the psychomotor domain. International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sport, and Dance. Winter 1990, 24-27. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Garn, A., & Byra, M. (2002). Psychomotor, cognitive, and social development Spectrum style. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 8-13. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Gerney, P. (1979). The effects of Mosston's practice style and reciprocal style on psychomotor skill acquisition and social development of fifth grade students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Temple University, Philadelphia. (United States).
  • Gerney, P. (1980). The effects of Mosston's "practice style" and "reciprocal style" on psychomotor skill acquisition and social development of fifth grader students. Dissertation Abstracts International. 41, 154A-155A. (United States).
  • Gerney, P., & Dort, A. (1992). The Spectrum applied: Letters from the trenches. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 36-39. (United States) [View PDF]
  • Godbout, P. (1990). L’ evaluation en situation d’ intervention pedagogique. In, Cazorla G. & Robert G. (Eds.), Actes du Colloque International de la Guadeloupe. L’ evaluation en activite physiques et sport. 21-23, 267-279. Cestas: A.R.E.A.P.S..
  • Goldberger, M. (1979a). Research on styles B & C. Unpublished manuscript, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Goldberger, M. (1979b). Relationship of time-on-task to student achievement. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Goldberger, M. (1983). Direct styles of teaching and psychomotor performance. In T. J. Templin, & J. K. Olson (Eds.). Teaching in Physical Education. (211-223). (United States).
  • Goldberger, M. (1984). Effective learning through a Spectrum of Teaching Styles. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 55(8), 17-21. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M. (1991). Research on teaching physical education: A commentary on Silverman's review. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 52, 369-373. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M. (1992). The Spectrum of Teaching Styles: A perspective for research on teaching physical education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 42-46. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Goldberger, M. (1995). Research on the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. In R. Lidor, E. Eldar, & I. Harari (Eds.). Windows to the future: Bridging the gaps between disciplines curriculum and instruction. (pp. 429-435). AIESEP, World Congress Conference, the Wingate Institute. (Israel).
  • Goldberger, M. (2006). Effects of reciprocal teaching on skill on skill acquisition, cooperation, and ability to analyze in fifth grade children. Paper presented at the fourth annual CISAT Faculty Research Day, James Madison University, VA. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M., Ashworth, S, and Byra, M. (2012). Spectrum of Teaching Styles retrospective 2012. Quest. 64(4), 268-282. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Goldberger, M., & Gerney, P. (1986). The effects of direct teaching styles on motor skill acquisition of fifth grade children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 57(3), 215-219. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M., & Gerney, P. (1990). Effects of learner use of practice time on skill acquisition of fifth grade children. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 10, 84-95. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M., Gerney, P., & Chamberlain, J. (1980). The effects of three styles of teaching on the psychomotor performance of fifth grade children. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 52(3), 116-124. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Goldberger, M., Gerney, P., & Dort, A. (1982). The effects of direct teaching styles on the psychomotor performance of high and low SES children of varying ability levels. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, Houston. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M., & Howarth, K. (1993). The national curriculum in national physical education and the Spectrum of Teaching Styles. British Journal of Physical Education. 24(1), 23-28. (United States).
  • Goldberger, M., Vedelli, J., & Pitts, C. (1995). The effects of the divergent production style of teaching on children’s problem-solving ability. Paper presented at the Southern District Association AAHPERD Convention, Orlando, FL. (United States).
  • Goudas, M., Biddle, S., Fox, K., & Underwood, M. (1995). It ain't what you do, it's the way that you do it! Teaching style affects children's motivation in track and field lessons. The Sport Psychologist. 9, 254-264. (Great Britain). [View PDF]
  • Goudas, M. & Giannoudis, G. (2008). A team-sports-based life-skills program in a physical education context. Learning and Instruction. 18, 528-536. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Goudas, M. & Magotsiou, E. (2009). The effects of a cooperative physical education program on students’ social skills. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 21(3), 356-364. (Greece). [View PDF]
  • Graber, K.C. (2001). Research on teaching in physical education. In V. Richardson (Ed.),. Fourth Handbook of research on teaching. (pp. 491-519). Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association,. (United States).
  • Greenspan, M.R. (1992). The Spectrum introduced: A first year teacher's project. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. 63(1), 40-41. (United States). [View PDF]
  • Griffey, D.C. (1980). A study of aptitude by treatment interactions associated with student decision making in physical education classes. Dissertation Abstracts International. 41(8), 3475-A. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. (United States).
  • Griffey, D.C. (1981). What is the best way to teach. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 1, 18-24. (United States).
  • Griffey, D.C. (1983a). Aptitude X treatment interactions associated with student decision making. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 2(2), 15-32. (United States).
  • Griffey, D.C. (1983b). Hunting the elusive ATI: How pupil aptitudes mediate instruction in the gymnasium. In T. J. Templin & J. K. Olson (Eds.). Teaching in Physical Education. (pp. 265-276). Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. (United States).
  • Grimland, A.C. (1972). The effects of selected teaching styles on learning an individual sport. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Texas A&M University. (United States).
H
  • Hall, T.J., & McCullick, B. (2002). Discover, design, and invent: Divergent production. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 13(2), 22-24. (United States).
  • Harrison, J.M., Fellingham, G.W., Buck, M.M., & Pellett, T.L. (1995). Effects of practice and command styles on rate of change in volleyball performance and self-efficacy of high-, medium-, and low-skilled learners. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 14, 328-339. (United States).
  • Harrison, J.M., Preece, L.A., Blackmore, C.L., Richards, R.P., Wilkinson, C., & Fellingham, G.W. (1999). Effects of two instructional models – skill teaching and mastery learning – on skill development, knowledge, self-efficacy and game play in volleyball. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 19, 34-57. (United States).
  • Hein, V., & Kivimets, M. (2000). The effects of two styles of teaching and teachers qualification on motor skill performance of the cartwheel. Acta Kinesiologiae Universitatis Tartuensis. 5, 67-78. (Estonia).
  • Hewitt, M., Ashworth, S., and Edwards, K. (2010). Instrument for collecting coaches’ self-identified beliefs in relation to the teaching styles they use during coaching sessions throughout the year. (Australia). [View PDF]
  • Hewitt, M. & Edwards, K. (2011). Self-identified teaching styles of junior development and club professional tennis coaches in Australia. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review. 55, 6-8. (Australia). [View PDF]
  • Hewitt, M. & Edwards, K. (2013). Observed Teaching Styles of Junior Development and Club Professional Tennis Coaches in Australia. (Australia) [View PDF]
  • Hurwitz, D. (1985). A model for the structure of instructional strategies. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 4, 190-201. (United States).
  • Hurwitz, D. (1986). Application of the Hurwitz instructional strategy model to Mosston’s Spectrum of styles. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 5, 176-184. (United States).
I
  • Iserbyt, P., Elen, J. & Behets, D. (2010). Instructional guidance in reciprocal peer tutoring with task cards. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education. 29, 38-53. (Belgium). [View PDF]
J
  • Jackson, J.A., & Dorgo, S. (2002). Maximizing learning through the reciprocal style of teaching. Teaching Elementary Physical Education. 12(2), 14-18. (United States).
  • Jacoby, D. (1975). A comparison of the effects of command, reciprocal and individual styles of teaching on the development of selected sport skills. Dissertation Abstracts International. 36, 7272A-7273A. (United States).
  • Javanainen-Levonen, T. & Kärki, A. (2007). A case study from a sport pedagogical perspective in the bachelor-level training of physiotherapists in Finland. In P. Heikinaro & Johansson, R. Telama ja E. McEvoy (Eds.), AIESEP World Congress 2006 Proceedings: The role of physical education and sport in promoting physical activity and health (pp. 234-243). University of Jyväskylä, Department of Sport Sciences Research Reports No. 4. (Finland).
  • Jenkins, J. (1993-1995). Examination of Mosston’s practice, self-check, and inclusion styles of teaching on elementary aged learners (Thesis). School of Physical and Health Education, University of Wyoming. (United States).
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